What is Memory Encoding? Memory Encoding is the initial learning of information. It is how the information coming from sensory input is changed into a form so it can be stored in the brain. Encoding is transforming internal thoughts and external events into short term and long-term memory. This is the process in which the information is processed and categorized for storage and retrieval. It is a crucial first step in creating a new memory. Memory encoding converts the perceived item or event into a construct that can be stored and recalled later from the brain.
For example, when we see a new object, such as a word, our retina sends the visual signal to the brain through the optic nerve. Then it goes through a lot of twists and turns before reaching temporal and parietal lobes. The job of these structures of the brain is to let the person knows that this information is a word. This journey of information is just the initial step which is known as memory encoding. The information has to go through this process so that it can be understood in a meaningful way.
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