The dachshund breed originated from Germany. The direct translation of their name dachshund, from German to English, is "badger dog".
There are two main sizes of Dachshunds, the standard sized (R) and miniture sized (L).
The standard sized dachshund are usually 20–22 cm (8–9 inches) to their withers.
They were developed to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals.
The miniature sized dachshunds are usually noticeably smaller than standards at around 13 and 18 cm (5–6 inches) to their withers.
They were bred to hunt small animals such as rabbits and mice.